Sustainable Development
in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions

The challenges of population growth, climate stress, and limited natural resources are particularly felt in economically and politically fragile arid and semi-arid zones. Projections suggest the population of Africa’s Sahel region will rise from 150 million today to 330 million in 2050. Additionally, vast regions in Africa are expected to experience a 2-degree Celsius temperature increase by the end of the century. We often observe growing dissatisfaction among populations due to the absence or weakness of state services. In these contexts, the connections between peace, humanitarian intervention, and development become essential.

Although pastoralism has historically been a crucial economic activity, 85% of pastoralists and 75% of agro-pastoralists today live below the poverty line, with an elite gradually taking over the sector. The future of pastoralists needs urgent attention, involving the diversification of regional economies, incorporating innovative practices in livestock production, improving disease control, enhancing resilience, and integrating with areas of higher economic potential. Supporting those transitioning from pastoralism also requires developing alternative income sources, a crucial part of any development program in arid and semi-arid zones. Improving education for better employability is key.

We are here to offer our expertise and contribute to your initiatives in these sensitive regions.